Planning the '45

In the early 1740s many Britons were becoming resentful over the emphasis placed on Hanover in British foreign policy.

The '45 in Northumberland and Durham.

The claims of a few enthusiastic Jacobites that Northumberland would rise for Charles were soon seen to be nonsense.

Northumbrians in the '45

Only a handful Northumbrians are known to have taken part in the '45.

Charles Radcliffe

The last local Jacobite to be taken was Charles Radcliffe.

Charles Radcliffe

The last local Jacobite to be taken was Charles Radcliffe. He had taken a commission in the French army in 1737. He was sent to the Southport area as a spy in the early days of the Rising, was imprisoned and escaped. But in November the Government finally caught up with him. He was on board a French privateer that was taken in the Channel.

He was sent, with his son, to the Tower of London. A year after his capture Charles was tried for his part in the '15 and sentenced to death. This time, there was to be no escape; his luck had finally run out. He had spent his whole life living for the Jacobite Cause and on 8 December 1746 he was executed. He did not attempt to address the crowd but died quietly. He was the last man but one to be executed on Tower Hill, and the last Northumbrian Jacobite to die for the Cause.

The following year, Lancelot Errington died peacefully at his home in Benwell, reportedly from a broken heart over Culloden. With him died the Jacobite Cause in Northumberland. Although several of the older Northumbrians continued to drink Jacobite toasts, and Government agents reported the odd scare, the cause of Jacobitism died in Northumberland, as elsewhere in Britain, in the aftermath of the '45. It was to be over a hundred years before a Northumbrian was once again to declare loyalty to the houses of Stuart and of Derwentwater.